Sympathoinhibitory effects of telmisartan through the reduction of oxidative stress in the rostral ventrolateral medulla of obesity-induced hypertensive rats

Satomi Konno, Yoshitaka Hirooka, Takuya Kishi, Kenji Sunagawa

    研究成果: Contribution to journalArticle査読

    33 被引用数 (Scopus)

    抄録

    OBJECTIVES: Sympathetic nervous system (SNS) activity is critically involved in the development and progression of obesity-induced hypertension. Angiotensin II type 1 receptor (AT1R)-induced oxidative stress in the rostral ventrolateral medulla (RVLM), a vasomotor center in the brainstem, activates the SNS in hypertensive rats. The aim of the present study was to determine whether oral administration of an AT1R blocker (ARB) inhibits SNS activity via antioxidative effects in the RVLM of rats with dietary-induced obesity. METHODS AND RESULTS: Obesity-prone rats fed a high-fat diet were divided into groups treated with either telmisartan obesity-prone (TLM-OP), or losartan obesity-prone (LOS-OP), or vehicle obesity-prone (VEH-OP). SBP, SNS activity, and oxidative stress in the RVLM were significantly higher in obesity-prone rats than in obesity-resistant rats. Body weight, visceral fat, blood glucose, serum insulin, and plasma adiponectin concentrations were significantly lower in TLM-OP and LOS-OP than in VEH-OP, and plasma adiponectin concentrations were significantly higher in TLM-OP than in LOS-OP. Although SBP was reduced to similar levels both in TLM-OP and LOS-OP, both oxidative stress in the RVLM and SNS activity were significantly lower in TLM-OP than in LOS-OP or VEH-OP. CONCLUSION: Orally administered telmisartan inhibited SNS activity through antioxidative effects via AT1R blockade in the RVLM of obesity-prone rats. AT1R and oxidative stress in the RVLM might be novel treatment targets for obesity-induced hypertension through sympathoinhibition, and telmisartan might be preferable for obesity-induced hypertension.

    本文言語英語
    ページ(範囲)1992-1999
    ページ数8
    ジャーナルJournal of hypertension
    30
    10
    DOI
    出版ステータス出版済み - 10 2012

    All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

    • 内科学
    • 生理学
    • 循環器および心血管医学

    フィンガープリント

    「Sympathoinhibitory effects of telmisartan through the reduction of oxidative stress in the rostral ventrolateral medulla of obesity-induced hypertensive rats」の研究トピックを掘り下げます。これらがまとまってユニークなフィンガープリントを構成します。

    引用スタイル