The synergistic extraction of rare-earth metals by a β-diketone and an organophosphine oxide is described. A combination of 2-thenoyltrifluoroacetone (HTTA) and tri-n-octyl phosphine oxide (TOPO) was found to be effective in synergistically extracting rare-earth metals into an ionic liquid (IL). The synergistic effect was strongly influenced by the diluent in which the extractants were dissolved. Extraction efficiencies for all the rare-earth metal ions were enhanced by synergy when a conventional organic solvent was used (n-dodecane). However, the synergistic effect in the IL preferentially improved the scandium extraction, leading to higher selectivity for Sc than for other rare-earth metals. Slope analysis was used to assess each extraction system, and the IL itself was found to be directly involved in the complex formation of the metal extraction system.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Chemical Engineering(all)