Silica (SiO2)-coated ceria (CeO2) nanoparticles were prepared using water-in-oil microemulsion. Polyoxyethylene (15) cetylether and cyclohexane were used as a surfactant and organic solvent. SiO 2-coated CeO2 nanoparticles were obtained by hydrolysis of metal alkoxide (tetraethylorthosilicate, TEOS) in the solution containing CeO2 precursor nanoparticles. The effects of CeO2 sources (Ce metal salt) and CeO2 particle-forming agents on the morphology of SiO2-CeO2 particles were investigated. Observation via transmission electron microscopy revealed that the type of particle-forming agent affected the nanoparticles' morphology and that CeO2 nanoparticles were spherically coated with SiO2 when using oxalic acid ((COOH)2) as a particle-forming agent of CeO2. Furthermore, the transmittance of the particles was high in the visible region (above 400 nm) and decreased in the ultraviolet region.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
- Modelling and Simulation
- Materials Science(all)
- Condensed Matter Physics