The syntheses of syn-[2.n]metacyclophan-1-enes (n = 5, 6, 8) in good yields using the McMurry cyclization of 1,n-bis(3-formyl-4-methoxyphenyl)alkanes are reported. Conversion of syn-[2.6]- and [2.8]metacyclophan-1-enes to the corresponding highly strained syn-type [2.6]- and [2.8]metacyclophane-1-ynes was achieved by successive bromination and dehydrobromination reactions. An attempted trapping reaction of the putative corresponding [2.5]metacyclophane-1-yne by Diels–Alder reaction with 1,3-diphenylisobenzofuran failed due to its smaller ring size and strained structure. X-ray crystallographic analyses show that the triple bonds in syn-[2.6]- and [2.8]metacyclophane-1-ynes are distorted from linearity with bond angles of 156.7° and 161.4°, respectively. A DFT (Density Functional Theory) computational study was conducted to determine the stabilities of different conformations of the target compounds.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
- Organic Chemistry