In situ detection of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) in the atmosphere has become particularly important because of their detrimental effects on human health and the environment. To develop high-performance gas sensors capable of detecting VOCs in ppb concentrations, we prepared SnO2 nanocrystals by a liquid-phase synthesis method. Nearly monodispersed SnO2 nanocrystals (ca. 3.5 nm) were prepared by heating tin(IV) acetylacetonate in dibenzyl ether in the presence of oleic acid and oleylamine at 280 °C. The prepared nanocrystals exhibited high thermal stability against crystal growth, even at 600 °C, allowing for the fabrication of nanoparticulate gas-sensing films. The sensor device using the nanocrystals calcined at 600 °C exhibited significantly high sensor responses to VOCs such as ethanol, formaldehyde, and toluene at low ppm concentrations.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Chemical Engineering(all)
- Materials Chemistry