Amorphous forms of mixed lanthanum-zirconium oxyhydroxide (ZrxLa1-xOOH) composite materials, containing porous sucrose carbon as a dopant (PSC-ZrxLa1-xOOH), were successfully prepared via co-precipitation and characterized by BET surface area analysis, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), powder X-ray diffraction (PXRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) Energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX) and thermogravimetric analysis (TGA). These synthesized materials were utilized for the simultaneous adsorption of AsO3 3− and F− from a binary mixture solution in batch tests. The ZrxLa1-xOOH and PSC-ZrxLa1-xOOH composite materials showed both fast adsorption rates and high adsorption capacities towards AsO3 3− and F− in aqueous solution. Most attractively, ZrxLa1-xOOH and PSC-ZrxLa1-xOOH showed better F− adsorption capacity when the pH was lower than 7, better AsO3 3− removal when the pH was higher than 9 and were superior to previously reported metallic oxide-based sorbents. The mechanism can be interpreted based on the HSAB principle, where the bimetallic oxyhydroxides become “soft acids”, while La3+ and Zr4+ are categorized as “hard acids”. Moreover, the PSC-ZrxLa1-xOOH adsorbent demonstrated high selectivity for AsO3 3− in the co-existence of other ions in a triple component system. The fast adsorption kinetics and high capacity make the designed PSC-ZrxLa1-xOOH adsorbent a promising advanced material for the removal of AsO3 3− and F− from water in practical applications.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- 化学 (全般)