Inorganic-organic hybrid membranes consisting of an aliphatic backbone and amorphous TiO2 nanoparticles (NPs) were synthesized from tetraallyloxytitanium and phosphonic acid methacrylate via a simple copolymerization-hydrolysis method. Tetraallyoxytitanium (TAT) was copolymerized with 2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate acid phosphate (HEMAP), and then hydrolyzed, yielding inorganic-organic hybrid composites. IR and 13C NMR spectroscopy confirmed the formation of the inorganic-organic hybrid structure. TEM and SAXS showed that amorphous TiO2 NPs were dispersed in the polymer matrix. The membranes exhibited good thermal stability up to 180 °C. The aliphatic chains of the methacrylate derivative dispersed with TiO2 NPs improved the mechanical properties of the membranes. The tensile modulus of the HEMAP/TAT membrane with a composition of 95:5 was 505 MPa. The conductivity of the 95:5 membranes was 4.1 × 10-2 S cm-1 at 130 °C and 100% relative humidity (RH), while it was 4.7 × 10-4 S cm-1 at 130 °C and 19.3% RH. The peak power of the 95:5 membrane was 4.8 mW/cm2 at 140 °C and 30% RH. The cell utilizing the hybrid membrane was operated at 140 °C and 30% RH for 72 h without any drop in cell voltage.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Materials Science(all)
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
- Filtration and Separation