TACE antagonists blocking ACE2 shedding caused by the spike protein of SARS-CoV are candidate antiviral compounds

Shiori Haga, Noriyo Nagata, Tadashi Okamura, Norio Yamamoto, Tetsutaro Sata, Naoki Yamamoto, Takehiko Sasazuki, Yukihito Ishizaka

研究成果: ジャーナルへの寄稿学術誌査読

93 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

Because outbreaks of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus (SARS-CoV) might reemerge, identifying antiviral compounds is of key importance. Previously, we showed that the cellular factor TNF-α converting enzyme (TACE), activated by the spike protein of SARS-CoV (SARS-S protein), was positively involved in viral entry, implying that TACE is a possible target for developing antiviral compounds. To demonstrate this possibility, we here tested the effects of TACE inhibitors on viral entry. In vitro and in vivo data revealed that the TACE inhibitor TAPI-2 attenuated entry of both pseudotyped virus expressing the SARS-S protein in a lentiviral vector backbone and infectious SARS-CoV. TAPI-2 blocked both the SARS-S protein-induced shedding of angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2), a receptor of SARS-CoV, and TNF-α production in lung tissues. Since the downregulation of ACE2 by SARS-S protein was proposed as an etiological event in the severe clinical manifestations, our data suggest that TACE antagonists block SARS-CoV infection and also attenuate its severe clinical outcome.

本文言語英語
ページ(範囲)551-555
ページ数5
ジャーナルAntiviral Research
85
3
DOI
出版ステータス出版済み - 3月 2010
外部発表はい

!!!All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • 薬理学
  • ウイルス学

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