Aim: Our aim was to evaluate the clinical outcomes of telaprevir (TVR)- or simeprevir (SMV)-based triple therapy for recurrent hepatitis C after living donor liver transplantation. Methods: Twenty-six patients received antiviral therapy, consisting of either TVR (n=12) or SMV (n=14) in combination with pegylated interferon and ribavirin, plus cyclosporin. Results: More patients had a dose reduction of the direct-acting agent (36.3% vs 0.0%, P=0.02) or required blood transfusion for anemia (58.3% vs 7.1%, P<0.01) in the TVR group. The cyclosporin trough/dose ratio increased significantly from week 0 to week 4 in the TVR group (1.6±0.4 to 5.1±2.0, P<0.01), but not in the SMV group (1.2±0.3 to 1.3±0.2, P=0.68). The 24-week cumulative viral clearance rate was 91.7% and 85.7% in the TVR and in SMV groups, respectively. The early viral response and sustained viral response rates were 91.7% and 83.3%, respectively, in the TVR group, compared with 85.7% and 64.3%, respectively, in the SMV group. Interferon-mediated graft dysfunction occurred in four and five patients in the TVR and SMV groups, respectively; two patients were treated by oral steroids, five by steroid pulse and two by thymoglobulin, resulting in viral breakthrough in one case. Conclusion: SMV-based triple therapy was associated with fewer adverse events and drug interactions with cyclosporin, and possibly less antiviral properties to TVR. Interferon-mediated graft dysfunction is a significant clinical problem that warrants particular caution following living donor liver transplantation.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Infectious Diseases