When a target is presented near a leading cue stimulus, the perceived location of the target is displaced from the cue (attentional repulsion). On the other hand, a memorized target is sometimes mislocalized toward the cue (attentional attraction). The present study aimed at clarifying the temporal relationship between attentional repulsion and attentional attraction. We used a relative judgment task wherein observers judged whether the horizontal location of the target circle was displaced leftward or rightward from the location of a vertically separated probe disk. In Experiments 1 and 2, the stimulus-onset asynchrony (SOA) between the target and the probe was manipulated from 0 ms to 2000 ms. Repulsive and attractive position shifts were observed at short and long target-probe SOAs, respectively. In Experiment 3, we found that both the cue-target SOA and the target-probe SOA governed the repulsion and attraction in different ways. The results suggest that attentional repulsion and attentional attraction occur at different visual processing stages.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Sensory Systems