Thermal decomposition treatment (TDT) is a typical recycling method for CFRP. However, the recovered CFs (rCFs) tend to show a decrease in performance owing to the thermo-oxidation during this process. In particular, the thermo-oxidation rates of the outer and inner parts of CFRP are different during TDT; thus, the amount of damage is different between the rCFs collected from the outer (oCFs) and inner (iCFs) parts of CFRP. This study investigated the tensile fracture characteristics of the oCFs and iCFs of the CFRP laminates subjected to TDT, through the single-fiber tensile test and fracture surface observations. The tensile strength of the iCFs was higher and presented a narrower variation than that of the oCFs because the fracture of iCFs occurred from the largest pit formed on the skin whereas that of oCFs occurred from the largest defect in the core. Finally, the strength distribution of the rCFs collected randomly from the TDT treated CFRP was estimated using a mixture distribution model with the aid of the experimental data. The model fitted the strength distribution well. The results indicated that the strength of the rCFs varied more widely with an increase in the number of rCFs undergoing the core fracture.
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