SrTiO3 is a well-known highly active photocatalyst with high energy conversion efficiency. In this study, we investigated the formation of oxygen vacancy by using the chemo-mechanical effect that was introduced by the dispersion of metal particles into grain and photocatalytic activity to water splitting. Au dispersion on SrTiO3 followed by sintering treatment was studied for introduction of chemo-mechanical strain because of a different thermal expansion coefficient; the introduced chemo-mechanical strain generated oxygen vacancy in SrTiO3. Thus, induced chemo-mechanical strain shows change in electronic band structure resulting in increasing lowest unoccupied molecular orbital (LUMO) level with increasing Au content. Since photoluminescence was significantly decreased by sintering after Au dispersion, the introduced strain effects may work for increasing a charge separation efficiency and adsorption site in water splitting. Therefore, the photocatalytic activity was much increased by sintering treatment after Au dispersion on SrTiO3.
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