The differences in feeding-inhibitory responses to peripheral and central leptin between non-lactating and lactating rats

Yoshihiro Suzuki, Yohei Kurose, Hideyuki Takahashi, Sadaki Asakuma, Yoshiyuki Azuma, Shigeki Kobayashi

研究成果: Contribution to journalArticle査読

7 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

This study was conducted to examine the contributions of central and peripheral leptin to hyperphagia in lactation. Lactating rats were mated at 7-8 weeks of age and housed singly with their litters. In experiment 1, food intakes were significantly (P<0.01) greater (350% on average) in lactation than in non-lactation throughout a day. Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leptin levels remained constant despite plasma leptin levels being significantly (P<0.05) greater in non-lactation than in lactation. In experiment 2, CSF leptin levels were not altered by i.v. injections of leptin (0.2 and 0 .4 mg/kg body weight) despite that plasma leptin levels were dose dependently (P<0.01) increased. Moreover, i.v. administration of leptin significantly (P<0.05) decreased food intake in non-lactating rats but not in lactating rats. In experiment 3, nocturnal food intakeswere temporarily (P<0.05) reduced in non-lactating and lactating rats. I.c.v. administration of a leptin antagonist (15 μg) blocked the reductions of food intakes. I.c.v. administration of leptin (10 μg) significantly (P<0.05) decreased cumulative food intakes during 24 h in both the physiological states. In conclusion, this study has presented new evidence that the hyperphagia of lactating rats could be partly due to depressed sensitivity of neurons contacting blood leptin. In contrast, the responsiveness of leptin receptors contacting CSF leptin may not differ between non-lactating and lactating rats. Furthermore, the levels of CSF leptin remained constant independent of those of blood leptin. Therefore, the expression of hypothalamic leptin receptors contacting CSF could be involved in the difference in food intake between non-lactating and lactating rats.

本文言語英語
ページ(範囲)105-111
ページ数7
ジャーナルJournal of Endocrinology
207
1
DOI
出版ステータス出版済み - 10 2010
外部発表はい

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • 内分泌学、糖尿病および代謝内科学
  • 内分泌学

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