The effect of graft-versus-host disease on outcomes after allogeneic stem cell transplantation for refractory lymphoblastic lymphoma in children and young adults

Tetsuo Mitsui, Naoto Fujita, Yuhki Koga, Reiji Fukano, Tomoo Osumi, Asahito Hama, Katsuyoshi Koh, Harumi Kakuda, Masami Inoue, Takahiro Fukuda, Hiromasa Yabe, Junko Takita, Akira Shimada, Yoshiko Hashii, Atsushi Sato, Yoshiko Atsuta, Yoshinobu Kanda, Junji Suzumiya, Ryoji Kobayashi

研究成果: Contribution to journalArticle査読

3 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

Background: Patients with relapsed or refractory lymphoblastic lymphoma (LBL) have a poor prognosis. The efficacy of allogeneic blood stem cell transplantation for treatment of this disease remains unclear in terms of transplantation-related toxicity. Acute and chronic graft-versus-host diseases (GVHD) are both harmful to patients after allogeneic transplantation, but may have some positive effects through a substitute graft-versus-lymphoma effect. Methods: To investigate the effect of GVHD on the survival of patients with refractory LBL, we retrospectively studied the outcomes of 213 patients with LBL who underwent first allogeneic stem cell transplantation before the age of 18 years, between 1990 and 2015 in Japan. Results: The five-year overall survival (OS) and event-free survival rates after stem cell transplantation were 50.3% (95% confidence interval [CI], 43.2-56.9) and 47.8% (95% CI, 40.8-54.4), respectively. In univariate landmark analyses, the probability of OS was significantly better in patients with aGVHD than in those without (P = 0.002, five-year OS 58.1% vs 39.0%). The probability of OS was also better in patients with cGVHD than in those without (P = 0.036, five-year OS 72.2% vs 54.7%). Multivariate analysis demonstrated that only aGVHD was associated with better OS (hazard ratio, 0.63; 95% CI, 0.42-0.94, P = 0.024). Progression and recurrence statuses at SCT were associated with poor prognosis. The patients with grade II aGVHD showed the best prognosis (five-year OS: 65.6%). Conclusion: Our results suggest that the occurrence of aGVHD may be associated with better outcomes in patients with relapsed/refractory LBL who undergo allogeneic transplantation.

本文言語英語
論文番号e28129
ジャーナルPediatric Blood and Cancer
67
4
DOI
出版ステータス出版済み - 4 1 2020
外部発表はい

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • 小児科学、周産期医学および子どもの健康
  • 血液学
  • 腫瘍学

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