The endoscopic anatomy of the middle ear approach to the fundus of the internal acoustic canal

Noritaka Komune, Satoshi Matsuo, Koichi Miki, Albert L. Rhoton

研究成果: Contribution to journalArticle査読

4 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

OBJECTIVE The application of the endoscope in the lateral skull base increases the importance of the middle ear cavity as the corridor to the skull base. The aim of this study was to define the middle ear as a route to the fundus (lateral end) of the internal acoustic canal and to propose feasible landmarks to the fundus. METHODS This was a cadaveric study; 34 adult cadaveric temporal bones and 2 dry bones were dissected with the aid of the endoscope and microscope to show the anatomy of the transcanal approach to the middle ear and fundus of the internal acoustic canal. RESULTS In the middle ear cavity, the cochleariform process is one of the key landmarks for accessing the fundus of the internal acoustic canal. The triangle formed by the anterior and posterior edges of the overhang of the round window and the cochleariform process provides a landmark to start drilling the bone to access the fundus of the internal acoustic canal. CONCLUSIONS The external acoustic canal and middle ear cavity combined, using endoscopic guidance, can provide a route to the fundus of the internal acoustic canal. A triangular landmark crossing the promontory has been described for reaching the meatal fundus. This transcanal approach requires an understanding of the relationship between the middle ear cavity and the fundus of the internal acoustic canal and provides a potential new area of cooperation between otology and neurosurgery for accessing pathology in this and the bordering skull base.

本文言語英語
ページ(範囲)1974-1983
ページ数10
ジャーナルJournal of Neurosurgery
126
6
DOI
出版ステータス出版済み - 6 2017

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • 外科
  • 臨床神経学

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