The Four Directional Animals in East Asia: A Comparative Analysis

研究成果: 著書/レポートタイプへの貢献章 (査読済み)

抄録

In this paper, I present some tentative conclusions about the comparative research I have been conducting into the way(s) in which the four creatures that each guard one of the (cardinal) directions are represented in the physical landscape within the practice(s) of geophysical divination.
In China, in Korea, as well as in Japan, these four directional beasts are identified as the Black Turtle-Snake (玄武) of the back/north , the Vermilion Bird (朱雀) of the front/south, the Azure Dragon (青龍) of the left/east, and the White Tiger (白虎) of the right/west. However, the earliest texts on divination remain vague about the specific landscape features corresponding to each of the four mythical animals. In later times, at least two co-existing traditions seem to have developed within the practice of site divination in East Asia. Following one tradition, emphasis lay on the presence of natural features with all four animals represented in the landscape as mountains. Another tradition, however, required the presence of a different natural or man-made landscape feature for each of the four beasts.
This paper focuses on the latter tradition, in Japanese referred to as “shijin sōō 四神相応” (“correspondence to the four deities”). Through an investigation of written sources, this paper will trace the origin and evolution of the observances of shijin sōō, as well as provide a basic analysis of the different textual traditions. Furthermore, this paper will challenge the commonly held view that the practice of shijin sōō was a divination process used to determine the location of capital cities.
元の言語英語
ホスト出版物のタイトルFeng Shui (Kan Yu) and Architecture
ホスト出版物のサブタイトルAsien- Und Afrika-studien Der Humboldt-universitat Zu Berlin
編集者Florian Reiter
出版場所Berlin
出版者Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin
ページ201–16
38
出版物ステータス出版済み - 2011

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Divination
East Asia
Animals
Comparative Analysis
Beast
Japan
Physical
Deity
Comparative Research
Korea
China
Capital City
Dragon
Mountains
Written Sources
Textual Tradition
Cardinal Directions
Conducting
Creatures
Turtle

これを引用

Van Goethem, E. E. M. A. (2011). The Four Directional Animals in East Asia: A Comparative Analysis. : F. Reiter (版), Feng Shui (Kan Yu) and Architecture: Asien- Und Afrika-studien Der Humboldt-universitat Zu Berlin (巻 38, pp. 201–16). Berlin: Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin.

The Four Directional Animals in East Asia: A Comparative Analysis. / Van Goethem, Ellen Elza Melina Albert.

Feng Shui (Kan Yu) and Architecture: Asien- Und Afrika-studien Der Humboldt-universitat Zu Berlin. 版 / Florian Reiter. 巻 38 Berlin : Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, 2011. p. 201–16.

研究成果: 著書/レポートタイプへの貢献章 (査読済み)

Van Goethem, EEMA 2011, The Four Directional Animals in East Asia: A Comparative Analysis. : F Reiter (版), Feng Shui (Kan Yu) and Architecture: Asien- Und Afrika-studien Der Humboldt-universitat Zu Berlin. 巻. 38, Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, Berlin, pp. 201–16.
Van Goethem EEMA. The Four Directional Animals in East Asia: A Comparative Analysis. : Reiter F, 編集者, Feng Shui (Kan Yu) and Architecture: Asien- Und Afrika-studien Der Humboldt-universitat Zu Berlin. 巻 38. Berlin: Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin. 2011. p. 201–16
Van Goethem, Ellen Elza Melina Albert. / The Four Directional Animals in East Asia: A Comparative Analysis. Feng Shui (Kan Yu) and Architecture: Asien- Und Afrika-studien Der Humboldt-universitat Zu Berlin. 編集者 / Florian Reiter. 巻 38 Berlin : Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, 2011. pp. 201–16
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AB - In this paper, I present some tentative conclusions about the comparative research I have been conducting into the way(s) in which the four creatures that each guard one of the (cardinal) directions are represented in the physical landscape within the practice(s) of geophysical divination.In China, in Korea, as well as in Japan, these four directional beasts are identified as the Black Turtle-Snake (玄武) of the back/north , the Vermilion Bird (朱雀) of the front/south, the Azure Dragon (青龍) of the left/east, and the White Tiger (白虎) of the right/west. However, the earliest texts on divination remain vague about the specific landscape features corresponding to each of the four mythical animals. In later times, at least two co-existing traditions seem to have developed within the practice of site divination in East Asia. Following one tradition, emphasis lay on the presence of natural features with all four animals represented in the landscape as mountains. Another tradition, however, required the presence of a different natural or man-made landscape feature for each of the four beasts.This paper focuses on the latter tradition, in Japanese referred to as “shijin sōō 四神相応” (“correspondence to the four deities”). Through an investigation of written sources, this paper will trace the origin and evolution of the observances of shijin sōō, as well as provide a basic analysis of the different textual traditions. Furthermore, this paper will challenge the commonly held view that the practice of shijin sōō was a divination process used to determine the location of capital cities.

M3 - Chapter (peer-reviewed)

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BT - Feng Shui (Kan Yu) and Architecture

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