The genetic structure of natural populations of Drosophila melanogaster. XIX. Genotype-environment interaction in viability

Hidenori Tachida, T. Mukai

研究成果: ジャーナルへの寄稿記事

19 引用 (Scopus)

抄録

To investigate whether or not an excess of additive genetic variance for viability detected in southern natural populations of Drosophila melanogaster was created by diversifying selection, genotype-environment interaction was tested as follows. (1) Two karyotype chromosomes were used: 61 second chromosomes with the standard karyotype and 63 second chromosomes carrying In(2L)t. Their homozygote viabilities were larger than 50% of the average viability of random heterozygotes. (2) The effects of two factors (culture media and yeasts) were examined at three levels (the culture media: tomato, corn and banana; and the yeasts: sake, brewer's and baker's). The results of 16 three by three factorial experiments by the Cy method in the same karyotype groups for relative viabilities of homozygotes and heterozygotes elucidated the following findings: (1) there was no significant difference between the two karyotype groups, (2) the variance components of genotype-environment interaction were highly significant, (3) the variance component of heterozygotes was significantly smaller than that of homozygotes. From the experimental findings and previous results, diversifying selection in natural populations acting on viability polygenes to increase the additive genetic variance was suggested. The relation of the present result to protein polymorphism is also discusssed.

元の言語英語
ページ(範囲)43-55
ページ数13
ジャーナルGenetics
111
発行部数1
出版物ステータス出版済み - 1 1 1985

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Genetic Structures
Drosophila melanogaster
Karyotype
Homozygote
Heterozygote
Genotype
Chromosomes
Population
Saccharomyces cerevisiae
Culture Media
Musa
Genetic Selection
Lycopersicon esculentum
Zea mays
Yeasts
Proteins

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Genetics

これを引用

The genetic structure of natural populations of Drosophila melanogaster. XIX. Genotype-environment interaction in viability. / Tachida, Hidenori; Mukai, T.

:: Genetics, 巻 111, 番号 1, 01.01.1985, p. 43-55.

研究成果: ジャーナルへの寄稿記事

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