Background:We previously demonstrated that a seminal plasma protein, semenogelin I (SgI), functioned as an androgen receptor (AR) coactivator. Meanwhile, several short sequence motifs in AR coregulators, such as LxxLL (L=leucine), have been shown to mediate specific interactions with AR.Methods:We investigated the role of the LxxLL motif within SgI in the interactions with AR and cell growth in prostate cancer lines in vitro.Results:A full-length SgI with mutations in the motif (i.e., LxxAA; A=alanine) failed to significantly increase cell proliferation/migration as well as androgen-mediated AR transcription. Co-immunoprecipitation showed no physical interactions between AR and the mutant SgI. In addition, transfection of an 18-amino acid peptide of SgI containing LxxLL, but not LxxAA, resulted in considerable reduction in cell growth and prostate-specific antigen expression in LNCaP and C4-2 lines.Conclusions:The LxxLL motif of SgI could be a novel therapeutic target for both androgen-sensitive and castration-resistant prostate cancers.
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