In Japan, neuropsychological assessment of dementing illnesses has been done mainly using Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) and a revised version of Hasegawa Dementia Scale (HDS-R). However, because of a lack of appropriately designed test domains, early detection of senile dementia and/or cognitive impairment is hardly possible, even if using these batteries. This paper is to introduce a Japanese Version of RBANS (Repeatable Battery for the Assessment of Neuropsychological Status) which was originally developed by Randolph and revised by us. The entire battery of Japanese Version RBANS took less than 30 minutes to administer, and yielded scaled scores for five cognitive domains such as immediate memory, visuospatial/constructional ability, language, attention, and delayed memory. On RBANS, abnormal cognitive decline in the older adult was much easily detected, being compared to MMSE and HDS-R: 52 normal volunteer subjects ranging from 24 to 80 years old showed a significant (p<0.05 on t test) impairment of delayed and immediate memories due to ageing. The aged (60∼79) subjects with average scores of MMSE and HDS-R being over 25, significantly showed impairment of both immediate memory (list and story learnings) and delayed memory (list, story and figure recalls). The present data suggest that the Japanese Version RBANS is useful for both detecting and characterizing early dementia, and should be widely utilized for a neuropsychological screening battery in the clinical practice throughout Japan.
|ジャーナル||Brain and Nerve|
|出版ステータス||出版済み - 2002|
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