The Neuroprotective Effects of Ratanasampil on Oxidative Stress-Mediated Neuronal Damage in Human Neuronal SH-SY5Y Cells

Aiqin Zhu, Zhou Wu, Jie Meng, Patrick L. McGeer, Yi Zhu, Hiroshi Nakanishi, Shizheng Wu

研究成果: Contribution to journalArticle

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We previously found that Ratanasampil (RNSP), a traditional Tibetan medicine, improves the cognitive function of mild-to-moderate AD patients living at high altitude, as well as learning and memory in an AD mouse model (Tg2576); however, mechanism underlying the effects of RNSP is unknown. In the present study, we investigated the effects and molecular mechanisms of RNSP on oxidative stress-induced neuronal toxicity using human neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y cells. Pretreatment with RNSP significantly ameliorated the hydrogen peroxide- (H2O2-) induced cytotoxicity of SH-SY5Y cells in a dose-dependent manner (up to 60 μg/mL). Furthermore, RNSP significantly reduced the H2O2-induced upregulation of 8-oxo-2′-deoxyguanosine (8-oxo-dG, the oxidative DNA damage marker) but significantly reversed the expression of repressor element-1 silencing transcription factor (REST) from H2O2 associated (100 μM) downregulation. Moreover, RNSP significantly attenuated the H2O2-induced phosphorylation of p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) and extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1/2 (ERK 1/2) in SH-SY5Y cells. These observations strongly suggest that RNSP may protect the oxidative stress-induced neuronal damage that occurs through the properties of various antioxidants and inhibit the activation of MAPKs. We thus provide the principle molecular mechanisms of the effects of RNSP and indicate its role in the prevention and clinical management of AD.

元の言語英語
記事番号792342
ジャーナルOxidative medicine and cellular longevity
2015
DOI
出版物ステータス出版済み - 2015

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry
  • Ageing
  • Cell Biology

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