The North Pacific climate transitions of the winters of 1976/77 and 1988/89

Sang Wook Yeh, Yune Jung Kang, Yign Noh, Arthur J. Miller

研究成果: Contribution to journalArticle査読

63 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

This paper examines characteristic changes in North Pacific sea surface temperature (SST) variability during the boreal winter (December-February) for two subperiods (1956-88 and 1977-2009) during which the 1976/77 and the 1988/89 climate transitions occurred. It is found that the Pacific decadal oscillation (PDO)-like SST variability plays a dominant role in the 1976/77 climate transition, while both the North Pacific Gyre Oscillation (NPGO)-like and PDO-like SST variability contribute to the 1988/89 climate transition. Furthermore, the leading mode changes from PDO-like SST variability during the period 1956-88 to NPGO-like SST variability during the period 1977-2009, indicative of an enhancement of NPGO-like SST variability since 1988. Changes in sea level pressure across the 1976/77 climate transition project strongly onto the Aleutian low pressure system. But sea level pressure changes across the 1988/89 climate transition project primarily onto the North Pacific Oscillation, which is associated with remote changes in the Arctic Oscillation over the polar region as well. This contributes to enhancing the NPGO-like SST variability after 1988. The authors also analyze the output from an ensemble of Tropical Ocean and Global Atmosphere (TOGA) experiments in which the observed SSTs are inserted only at grid points in the tropics between 20°S and 20°N. The results indicate that the changes in the North Pacific atmosphere in the 1976/77 climate transition are mostly due to the tropics, whereas those in the 1988/89 climate transition are not.

本文言語英語
ページ(範囲)1170-1183
ページ数14
ジャーナルJournal of Climate
24
4
DOI
出版ステータス出版済み - 2 2011

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • 大気科学

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