Objectives: Idiopathic scoliosis is an orthopaedic disease of childhood, with onset and progress occurring until adolescence. Here, the relationship between lateral displacement of the mandible and scoliosis was analysed quantitatively. Methods: Seventy-nine non-syndromic Japanese patients (18 men, 61 women), who were diagnosed with jaw deformities and underwent surgical orthognathic treatment at Kyushu University Hospital from January 2011 to August 2014, were enrolled. Their mean age at the time of radiography was 25.3 ± 8.7 years. Postero-anterior cephalometric radiographs and chest radiographs were examined. In postero-anterior cephalometric radiographs, a horizontal baseline (X-axis) was drawn as a straight line that intersects both the zygomatic bases, and a vertical line (Y-axis) was marked perpendicular to the X-axis, with an intersection at the anterior nasal spine (ANS). Point A was defined as the intersection of the X- and Y-axes, and line A was defined as the line connecting point A to the menton. The angle made by the X-axis and line A (i.e., lateral displacement of the mandible) was measured. We designated an absolute value even if the mandibular menton was located on the right or left side. In chest radiographs, Cobb’s method was used to measure scoliosis curves; the direction of the curve was designated similarly. Results: Nine (11.4%) individuals had a Cobb angle >10°. There was a positive correlation between the Cobb angle and the degree of mandibular deviation (p < 0.05). Conclusion: Lateral displacement of the mandible and scoliosis are related.
!!!All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes