The role of self-report questionnaire in the screening of postnatal depression - A community sample survey in central Tokyo

Aya Nishizono-Maher, Junji Kishimoto, Hiromichi Yoshida, Kyoko Urayama, Miki Miyato, Yuki Otsuka, Hiroko Matsui

研究成果: ジャーナルへの寄稿学術誌査読

10 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

Background. Numerous studies have shown that health rare professionals often experience difficulty in detecting postnatal depression. In Japan, where mental illness has traditionally been stigmatized, detection seems even more difficult. This study investigates the prevalence of postnatal depression in the community and its relation to screening methodology. Methods. The Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) was distributed at community health centers in a district in central Tokyo. The results from both non-identifiable questionnaires and identifiable questionnaires were compared. Screening by EPDS and clinical judgment by community nurses were compared. Results. Making the questionnaire identifiable did not change the score distribution pattern. Among mothers with 3- to 4-month-old babies in the community, 13.9% scored high (9 or above) on EPDS. In 51.1% of high scorers, nurses did not detect postnatal depression. Clinically, postnatal depression can be easily missed in the community health-check setting especially when there was hitherto no report of obstetric abnormality during pregnancy or delivery. Conclusion. The prevalence of high scorers is comparable to those reported in other countries. The use of the questionnaire was helpful in drawing the attention of mothers and health care professionals to issues of mental health.

本文言語英語
ページ(範囲)185-190
ページ数6
ジャーナルSocial Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
39
3
DOI
出版ステータス出版済み - 3月 2004
外部発表はい

!!!All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • 疫学
  • 社会心理学
  • 健康(社会科学)
  • 精神医学および精神衛生

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