Thermal property in Brownian motion of a particle coupled to vacuum fluctuations

Naritaka Oshita, Kazuhiro Yamamoto, Sen Zhang

研究成果: ジャーナルへの寄稿学術誌査読

4 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

We investigate Brownian motions of a particle coupled to vacuum fluctuations of a quantum field. The Unruh effect predicts that an observer in an accelerated motion sees the Minkowski vacuum as thermally excited. This addresses the problem of whether or not a thermal property appears in a perturbative random motion of a particle in an accelerated motion due to the coupling. We revisit this problem by solving the equation of motion of a particle coupled to vacuum fluctuations including the radiation reaction force. We compute a Fourier integral for the variance of the random velocity in a rigorous manner. Similarly, we consider a particle coupled to vacuum fluctuations in de Sitter spacetime motivated by the argument that an observer in de Sitter spacetime sees the Bunch-Davies vacuum as a thermally excited state with the Gibbons-Hawking temperature. Our investigation clarifies the condition that the energy equipartition relation arises in the Brownian motions of a particle.

本文言語英語
論文番号124028
ジャーナルPhysical Review D - Particles, Fields, Gravitation and Cosmology
89
12
DOI
出版ステータス出版済み - 6月 24 2014
外部発表はい

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • 核物理学および高エネルギー物理学
  • 物理学および天文学(その他)

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