In this study, three-dimensional phase contrast magnetic resonance imaging (3D-PC MRI), a novel technique, was validated to assess pulmonary artery (PA) flow in patients with chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH). The MR data of PAs from 3D-PC and two-dimensional PC (2D-PC) from before and after treatment for 3 patients with CTEPH were retrospectively analyzed. Additionally, 3D- and 2D-PC MR scans of PA were performed in 5 healthy volunteers. Correlation of stroke volumes (SVs) obtained by 3D-PC and 2D-PC was analyzed using Pearson’s correlation coefficients. There was an excellent correlation in the SV of main PA, left PA and right PA between 3D-PC and 2D-PC (main PA: r = 0.91, p < 0.01, left PA: r = 0.72, p < 0.01 and right PA: r = 0.77, p < 0.01). In conclusion, 3D-PC MRI was able to accurately quantify the PA flow in patients with CTEPH.
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