Physical interaction of T cells and dendritic cells (DCs) is essential for T cell proliferation and differentiation, but it has been unclear how this interaction is regulated physiologically. Here we show that DCs produce thromboxane A2 (TXA2), whereas naive T cells express the thromboxane receptor (TP). In vitro, a TP agonist enhances random cell movement (chemokinesis) of naive but not memory T cells, impairs DC-T cell adhesion, and inhibits DC-dependent proliferation of T cells. In vivo, immune responses to foreign antigens are enhanced in TP-deficient mice, which also develop marked lymphadenopathy with age. Similar immune responses were seen in wild-type mice treated with a TP antagonist during the sensitization period. Thus, TXA2-TP signaling modulates acquired immunity by negatively regulating DC-T cell interactions.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Immunology and Allergy