Thyroid Hormone in the CNS: Contribution of Neuron–Glia Interaction

研究成果: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

9 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

The endocrine system and the central nervous system (CNS) are intimately linked. Among hormones closely related to the nervous system, thyroid hormones (THs) are critical for the regulation of development and differentiation of neurons and neuroglia and hence for development and function of the CNS. T3 (3,3′,5-triiodothyronine), an active form of TH, is important not only for neuronal development but also for differentiation of astrocytes and oligodendrocytes, and for microglial development. In adult brain, T3 affects glial morphology with sex- and age-dependent manner and therefore may affect their function, leading to influence on neuron–glia interaction. T3 is an important signaling factor that affects microglial functions such as migration and phagocytosis via complex mechanisms. Therefore, dysfunction of THs may impair glial function as well as neuronal function and thus disturb the brain, which may cause mental disorders. Investigations on molecular and cellular basis of hyperthyroidism and hypothyroidism will help us to understand changes in neuron–glia interaction and therefore consequent psychiatric symptoms.

本文言語英語
ホスト出版物のタイトルVitamins and Hormones
編集者Gerald Litwack
出版社Academic Press Inc.
ページ313-331
ページ数19
ISBN(印刷版)9780128141168
DOI
出版ステータス出版済み - 1 1 2018

出版物シリーズ

名前Vitamins and Hormones
106
ISSN(印刷版)0083-6729

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physiology
  • Endocrinology

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