Dislocations are linear lattice defects in a crystalline solid. Since the unusual atomistic environment of the dislocation may greatly influence various material properties, control of the composition would offer more opportunities to obtain unique one-dimensional structures. In the present study, we have characterized the structure of dislocations in a low-angle tilt grain boundary of strontium titanate (SrTiO3). High-spatial resolution elemental mapping by electron energy loss spectroscopy combined with scanning transmission electron microscopy has enabled visualization of the enrichment of titanium (Ti) and the depletion of strontium (Sr) near the dislocation cores. The Ti enrichment and the Sr depletion have been observed at all of the dislocations, and the grain boundary is considered to be Ti excess. The extra Ti ions are located on the positions different from the normal perovskite lattice, suggesting that the local structure is largely reconstructed. It has been proposed that tensile strain at the dislocations may be a cause of the Ti enrichment.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Materials Science(all)
- Mechanics of Materials
- Mechanical Engineering