The mevalonate pathway is an upstream terpenoid biosynthetic route of terpenoids for providing the two five-carbon units, dimethylallyl diphosphate, and isopentenyl diphosphate. Recently, trans-anhydromevalonate-5-phosphate (tAHMP) was isolated as a new biosynthetic intermediate of the archaeal mevalonate pathway. In this study, we would like to report the first synthesis of tAHMP and its enzymatic transformation using one of the key enzymes, mevalonate-5-phosphate dehydratase from a hyperthermophilic archaeon, Aeropyrum pernix. Starting from methyl tetrolate, a Cu-catalyzed allylation provided an E-trisubstituted olefin in a stereoselective manner. The resulting E-olefin was transformed to tAHMP by cleavage of the olefin and phosphorylation. The structure of the synthetic tAHMP was unambiguously determined by NOESY analysis.
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