Peptide immunotherapy is an attractive approach to relieve allergic symptoms such as rhinitis and asthma. Treatment of Japanse cedar pollinosis (Cryptomeria japonica; Cj), from which over one quarter of Japanese population suffer, is becoming a great concern. Recently, oral feeding of a peptide (7crp) consisting of seven immunodominant human T cell epitopes derived from two enzymes present in Cj pollen was demonstrated to have a benefit in treating Cj pollinosis. In this work, we aimed to apply a novel transcutaneous administration system as a simple and easy peptide delivery for an immunotherapy using a T cell epitope peptide. A modified 7crp peptide (7crpR) which contained triarginine linkers between each epitopes was designed to increase water solubility and was encapsulated in a unique solid-in-oil (S/O) nanodispersion. The S/O nanodispersion consists of a nano-sized peptide-surfactant complex dispersed in an oil vehicle. The S/O nanopartilces having an average diameter of 230 nm facilitated the permeation of the peptide 7crpR into the skin and suppressed serum total IgE and antigen-specific IgE levels in a Cj pollinosis mouse model. Transcutaneous administration of the T cell epitope peptide using the S/O nanodispersion system has potential for future simple and easy immunotherapy of Cj pollinosis.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Pharmaceutical Science