Transition of Bacterial Diversity and Composition in Tongue Microbiota during the First Two Years of Life

Shinya Kageyama, Mikari Asakawa, Toru Takeshita, Yukari Ihara, Shunsuke Kanno, Toshiro Hara, Ichiro Takahashi, Yoshihisa Yamashita

研究成果: ジャーナルへの寄稿記事

抄録

Newborns are constantly exposed to various microbes from birth; hence, diverse commensal bacteria colonize the oral cavity. However, how or when these bacteria construct a complex and stable ecosystem remains unclear. This prospective cohort study examined the temporal changes in bacterial diversity and composition in tongue microbiota during infancy. We longitudinally collected a total of 464 tongue swab samples from 8 infants (age of <6 months at baseline) for approximately 2 years. We also collected samples from 32 children (aged 0 to 2 years) and 73 adults (aged 20 to 29 years) cross-sectionally as control groups. Bacterial diversities and compositions were determined by 16S rRNA gene sequencing. The tongue bacterial diversity in infancy, measured as the number of observed operational taxonomic units (OTUs), rapidly increased and nearly reached the same level as that in adults by around 80 weeks. The overall tongue bacterial composition in the transitional phase, 80 to 120 weeks, was more similar to that of adults than to that of the early exponential phase (EEP), 10 to 29 weeks, according to analysis of similarities. Dominant OTUs in the EEP corresponding to Streptococcus peroris and Streptococcus lactarius exponentially decreased immediately after EEP, around 30 to 49 weeks, whereas several OTUs corresponding to Granulicatella adiacens, Actinomyces odontolyticus, and Fusobacterium periodonticum reciprocally increased during the same period. These results suggest that a drastic compositional shift of tongue microbiota occurs before the age of 1 year, and then bacterial diversity and overall bacterial composition reach levels comparable to those in adults by the age of 2 years.IMPORTANCE Evaluating the development of oral microbiota during infancy is important for understanding the subsequent colonization of bacterial species and the process of formation of mature microbiota in the oral cavity. We examined tongue microbiota longitudinally collected from 8 infants and found that drastic compositional shifts in tongue microbiota occur before the age of 1 year, and then bacterial diversity and overall bacterial composition reach levels comparable to those in adults by the age of 2 years. These results may be helpful for preventing the development of various diseases associated with oral microbiota throughout life.

元の言語英語
ジャーナルmSphere
4
発行部数3
DOI
出版物ステータス出版済み - 5 29 2019

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Microbiota
Tongue
Streptococcus
Mouth
Bacterial Physiological Phenomena
Fusobacterium
Bacteria
Actinomyces
rRNA Genes
Ecosystem
Cohort Studies
Parturition
Newborn Infant
Prospective Studies
Control Groups

これを引用

Transition of Bacterial Diversity and Composition in Tongue Microbiota during the First Two Years of Life. / Kageyama, Shinya; Asakawa, Mikari; Takeshita, Toru; Ihara, Yukari; Kanno, Shunsuke; Hara, Toshiro; Takahashi, Ichiro; Yamashita, Yoshihisa.

:: mSphere, 巻 4, 番号 3, 29.05.2019.

研究成果: ジャーナルへの寄稿記事

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title = "Transition of Bacterial Diversity and Composition in Tongue Microbiota during the First Two Years of Life",
abstract = "Newborns are constantly exposed to various microbes from birth; hence, diverse commensal bacteria colonize the oral cavity. However, how or when these bacteria construct a complex and stable ecosystem remains unclear. This prospective cohort study examined the temporal changes in bacterial diversity and composition in tongue microbiota during infancy. We longitudinally collected a total of 464 tongue swab samples from 8 infants (age of <6 months at baseline) for approximately 2 years. We also collected samples from 32 children (aged 0 to 2 years) and 73 adults (aged 20 to 29 years) cross-sectionally as control groups. Bacterial diversities and compositions were determined by 16S rRNA gene sequencing. The tongue bacterial diversity in infancy, measured as the number of observed operational taxonomic units (OTUs), rapidly increased and nearly reached the same level as that in adults by around 80 weeks. The overall tongue bacterial composition in the transitional phase, 80 to 120 weeks, was more similar to that of adults than to that of the early exponential phase (EEP), 10 to 29 weeks, according to analysis of similarities. Dominant OTUs in the EEP corresponding to Streptococcus peroris and Streptococcus lactarius exponentially decreased immediately after EEP, around 30 to 49 weeks, whereas several OTUs corresponding to Granulicatella adiacens, Actinomyces odontolyticus, and Fusobacterium periodonticum reciprocally increased during the same period. These results suggest that a drastic compositional shift of tongue microbiota occurs before the age of 1 year, and then bacterial diversity and overall bacterial composition reach levels comparable to those in adults by the age of 2 years.IMPORTANCE Evaluating the development of oral microbiota during infancy is important for understanding the subsequent colonization of bacterial species and the process of formation of mature microbiota in the oral cavity. We examined tongue microbiota longitudinally collected from 8 infants and found that drastic compositional shifts in tongue microbiota occur before the age of 1 year, and then bacterial diversity and overall bacterial composition reach levels comparable to those in adults by the age of 2 years. These results may be helpful for preventing the development of various diseases associated with oral microbiota throughout life.",
author = "Shinya Kageyama and Mikari Asakawa and Toru Takeshita and Yukari Ihara and Shunsuke Kanno and Toshiro Hara and Ichiro Takahashi and Yoshihisa Yamashita",
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T1 - Transition of Bacterial Diversity and Composition in Tongue Microbiota during the First Two Years of Life

AU - Kageyama, Shinya

AU - Asakawa, Mikari

AU - Takeshita, Toru

AU - Ihara, Yukari

AU - Kanno, Shunsuke

AU - Hara, Toshiro

AU - Takahashi, Ichiro

AU - Yamashita, Yoshihisa

N1 - Copyright © 2019 Kageyama et al.

PY - 2019/5/29

Y1 - 2019/5/29

N2 - Newborns are constantly exposed to various microbes from birth; hence, diverse commensal bacteria colonize the oral cavity. However, how or when these bacteria construct a complex and stable ecosystem remains unclear. This prospective cohort study examined the temporal changes in bacterial diversity and composition in tongue microbiota during infancy. We longitudinally collected a total of 464 tongue swab samples from 8 infants (age of <6 months at baseline) for approximately 2 years. We also collected samples from 32 children (aged 0 to 2 years) and 73 adults (aged 20 to 29 years) cross-sectionally as control groups. Bacterial diversities and compositions were determined by 16S rRNA gene sequencing. The tongue bacterial diversity in infancy, measured as the number of observed operational taxonomic units (OTUs), rapidly increased and nearly reached the same level as that in adults by around 80 weeks. The overall tongue bacterial composition in the transitional phase, 80 to 120 weeks, was more similar to that of adults than to that of the early exponential phase (EEP), 10 to 29 weeks, according to analysis of similarities. Dominant OTUs in the EEP corresponding to Streptococcus peroris and Streptococcus lactarius exponentially decreased immediately after EEP, around 30 to 49 weeks, whereas several OTUs corresponding to Granulicatella adiacens, Actinomyces odontolyticus, and Fusobacterium periodonticum reciprocally increased during the same period. These results suggest that a drastic compositional shift of tongue microbiota occurs before the age of 1 year, and then bacterial diversity and overall bacterial composition reach levels comparable to those in adults by the age of 2 years.IMPORTANCE Evaluating the development of oral microbiota during infancy is important for understanding the subsequent colonization of bacterial species and the process of formation of mature microbiota in the oral cavity. We examined tongue microbiota longitudinally collected from 8 infants and found that drastic compositional shifts in tongue microbiota occur before the age of 1 year, and then bacterial diversity and overall bacterial composition reach levels comparable to those in adults by the age of 2 years. These results may be helpful for preventing the development of various diseases associated with oral microbiota throughout life.

AB - Newborns are constantly exposed to various microbes from birth; hence, diverse commensal bacteria colonize the oral cavity. However, how or when these bacteria construct a complex and stable ecosystem remains unclear. This prospective cohort study examined the temporal changes in bacterial diversity and composition in tongue microbiota during infancy. We longitudinally collected a total of 464 tongue swab samples from 8 infants (age of <6 months at baseline) for approximately 2 years. We also collected samples from 32 children (aged 0 to 2 years) and 73 adults (aged 20 to 29 years) cross-sectionally as control groups. Bacterial diversities and compositions were determined by 16S rRNA gene sequencing. The tongue bacterial diversity in infancy, measured as the number of observed operational taxonomic units (OTUs), rapidly increased and nearly reached the same level as that in adults by around 80 weeks. The overall tongue bacterial composition in the transitional phase, 80 to 120 weeks, was more similar to that of adults than to that of the early exponential phase (EEP), 10 to 29 weeks, according to analysis of similarities. Dominant OTUs in the EEP corresponding to Streptococcus peroris and Streptococcus lactarius exponentially decreased immediately after EEP, around 30 to 49 weeks, whereas several OTUs corresponding to Granulicatella adiacens, Actinomyces odontolyticus, and Fusobacterium periodonticum reciprocally increased during the same period. These results suggest that a drastic compositional shift of tongue microbiota occurs before the age of 1 year, and then bacterial diversity and overall bacterial composition reach levels comparable to those in adults by the age of 2 years.IMPORTANCE Evaluating the development of oral microbiota during infancy is important for understanding the subsequent colonization of bacterial species and the process of formation of mature microbiota in the oral cavity. We examined tongue microbiota longitudinally collected from 8 infants and found that drastic compositional shifts in tongue microbiota occur before the age of 1 year, and then bacterial diversity and overall bacterial composition reach levels comparable to those in adults by the age of 2 years. These results may be helpful for preventing the development of various diseases associated with oral microbiota throughout life.

U2 - 10.1128/mSphere.00187-19

DO - 10.1128/mSphere.00187-19

M3 - Article

C2 - 31142620

VL - 4

JO - mSphere

JF - mSphere

SN - 2379-5042

IS - 3

ER -