Objective Sleep duration is suggested to be associated with adverse health outcomes. However, few studies are available on the impact of sleep duration on metabolic syndrome in patients with diabetes, who were at high risk for cardiovascular diseases (CVD). The objective of the present study was to examine the associations of sleep duration with metabolic syndrome and insulin resistance, a major pathophysiologic feature of metabolic syndrome, in patients with type 2 diabetes. Materials/Methods A total of 4402 Japanese patients with type 2 diabetes aged ≥ 20 years were divided into 5 groups according to self-reported sleep duration: Less than 5.5 h, 5.5-6.4 h, 6.5-7.4 h, 7.5-8.4 h, and more than 8.5 h. The associations of sleep duration with metabolic syndrome and other cardiovascular risk factors were examined cross-sectionally. Results The proportions of patients who had metabolic syndrome increased significantly in both patients with shorter and longer sleep duration compared with those with 6.5-7.4 h of sleep (P for quadratic trend < 0.001). This U-shaped association remained significant after adjustment for potential confounders, including total energy intake, current smoking, current drinking and depressive symptoms. Each component of metabolic syndrome also showed similar trends. Furthermore, sleep duration had a quadratic association with homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance and high sensitivity C-reactive protein. Conclusions Sleep duration was shown to have a U-shaped relationship with metabolic syndrome and insulin resistance, independent of potential confounders, and therefore may be an important modifiable risk factor for CVD prevention in patients with type 2 diabetes.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes