Synthetic bilayer membranes possess physicochemical characteristics that are fundamentally the same as those of biolipid bilayer membranes. Superior self-assembling properties of the component amphiphiles are advantageous for preparing other molecular membranes such as cast multilayers, surface monolayers, Langmuir-Blodgett multilayers, and planar lipid membranes (BLM). The ultrathin nature of bilayer membranes can be transplanted in other molecular systems by using cast multilayer films as molecular templates. This is achieved by incorporation of monomers and polymers in the cast film, accompanied by crosslinking and removal of the matrix multilayers.
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