Ultraviolet exposure has an epigenetic effect on a Batesian mimetic trait in the butterfly Papilio polytes

Mitsuho Katoh, Haruki Tatsuta, Kazuki Tsuji

研究成果: Contribution to journalArticle査読

3 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

Wing polymorphism of butterflies provides a good system in which to study adaptation. The Asian Batesian mimic butterfly Papilio polytes has unmelanized, putative mimetic red spots on its black hind wings. The size of those red spots is non-heritable but it is highly polymorphic, the adaptive significance of which is unknown. We hypothesized that under strong ultraviolet (UV) irradiation, butterflies develop a wider melanized black area to protect the wings from UV damage, and as a result express smaller mimetic red spots. Our field survey on Okinawa Island revealed a negative relationship between the sizes of the red spot and the black area in the wings. The size varied seasonally and was negatively correlated with the intensity of solar UV radiation at the time of capture. Laboratory experiments revealed that the size was reduced by strong UV irradiation not only of the eggs and larvae, but also of their mothers through a putative epigenetic mechanism. The flexible phenotypic expression of the red spots in P. polytes suggests a trade-off between protection against UV damage and predation avoidance, and provides a new insight into the evolution of Batesian mimicry.

本文言語英語
論文番号13416
ジャーナルScientific reports
8
1
DOI
出版ステータス出版済み - 12 1 2018
外部発表はい

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • 一般

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