Uncovering different states of topological defects in schlieren textures of a nematic liquid crystal

Takuya Ohzono, Kaoru Katoh, Chenguang Wang, Aiko Fukazawa, Shigehiro Yamaguchi, Jun Ichi Fukuda

研究成果: Contribution to journalArticle査読

10 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

Topological defects are ubiquitously found in physical systems and therefore have been an important research subject of not only condensed matter physics but also cosmology. However, their fine structures remain elusive because of the microscopic scales involved. In the case of a liquid crystal, optical microscopy, although routinely used for the identification of liquid crystal phases and associated defects, does not have resolution high enough to distinguish fine structures of topological defects. Here we show that polarised and fluorescence microscopy, with the aid of numerical calculations on the orientational order and resulting image distortions, can uncover the structural states of topological defects with strength m = ±1 in a thin cell of a nematic liquid crystal. Particularly, defects with m = +1 exhibit four different states arising from chiral symmetry breaking and up-down symmetry breaking. Our results demonstrate that optical microscopy is still a powerful tool to identify fine states of liquid crystalline defects.

本文言語英語
論文番号16814
ジャーナルScientific reports
7
1
DOI
出版ステータス出版済み - 12 1 2017

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General

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