Urinary human epididymis secretory protein 4 as a useful biomarker for subclinical acute rejection three months after kidney transplantation

Soichiro Tajima, Rao Fu, Tomohiro Shigematsu, Hiroshi Noguchi, Keizo Kaku, Akihiro Tsuchimoto, Yasuhiro Okabe, Satohiro Masuda

研究成果: ジャーナルへの寄稿記事

抄録

Kidney transplantation is the treatment of choice for patients with advanced chronic kidney disease (CKD) and end stage renal disease (ESRD). However, acute rejection (AR) is a common complication in kidney transplantation and is associated with reduced graft survival. Current diagnosis of AR relies mainly on clinical monitoring including serum creatinine, proteinuria, and confirmation by histopathologic assessment in the biopsy specimen of graft kidney. Although an early protocol biopsy is indispensable for depicting the severity of pathologic lesions in subclinical acute rejection (subAR), it is not acceptable in some cases and cannot be performed because of its invasive nature. Therefore, we examined the detection of noninvasive biomarkers that are closely related to the pathology of subAR in protocol biopsies three months after kidney transplantation. In this study, the urinary level of microtubule-associated protein 1 light chain 3 (LC3), monocyte chemotactic protein-1 (MCP-1), liver-type fatty acid-binding protein (L-FABP), neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL), and human epididymis secretory protein 4 (HE4) were measured three months after kidney transplantation. Urine samples of 80 patients undergoing kidney transplantation between August 2014 to September 2016, were prospectively collected after three months. SubAR was observed in 11 patients (13.8%) in protocol biopsy. The urinary levels of LC3, MCP-1, NGAL, and HE4 were significantly higher in patients with subAR than in those without, while those of L-FABP did not differ between the two groups. Multivariate regression models, receiver-operating characteristics (ROC), and areas under ROC curves (AUC) were used to identify predicted values of subAR. Urinary HE4 levels were able to better identify subAR (AUC = 0.808) than the other four urinary biomarkers. In conclusion, urinary HE4 is increased in kidney transplant recipients of subAR three months after kidney transplantation, suggesting that HE4 has the potential to be used as a novel clinical biomarker for predicting subAR.

元の言語英語
記事番号4699
ジャーナルInternational journal of molecular sciences
20
発行部数19
DOI
出版物ステータス出版済み - 10 1 2019

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transplantation
Biopsy
biomarkers
Epididymis
kidneys
Biomarkers
rejection
Kidney Transplantation
Transplantation (surgical)
proteins
Proteins
Lipocalins
Fatty Acid-Binding Proteins
Gelatinases
Chemokine CCL2
Fatty acids
Grafts
ROC Curve
Liver
monocytes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Catalysis
  • Molecular Biology
  • Spectroscopy
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Inorganic Chemistry

これを引用

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title = "Urinary human epididymis secretory protein 4 as a useful biomarker for subclinical acute rejection three months after kidney transplantation",
abstract = "Kidney transplantation is the treatment of choice for patients with advanced chronic kidney disease (CKD) and end stage renal disease (ESRD). However, acute rejection (AR) is a common complication in kidney transplantation and is associated with reduced graft survival. Current diagnosis of AR relies mainly on clinical monitoring including serum creatinine, proteinuria, and confirmation by histopathologic assessment in the biopsy specimen of graft kidney. Although an early protocol biopsy is indispensable for depicting the severity of pathologic lesions in subclinical acute rejection (subAR), it is not acceptable in some cases and cannot be performed because of its invasive nature. Therefore, we examined the detection of noninvasive biomarkers that are closely related to the pathology of subAR in protocol biopsies three months after kidney transplantation. In this study, the urinary level of microtubule-associated protein 1 light chain 3 (LC3), monocyte chemotactic protein-1 (MCP-1), liver-type fatty acid-binding protein (L-FABP), neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL), and human epididymis secretory protein 4 (HE4) were measured three months after kidney transplantation. Urine samples of 80 patients undergoing kidney transplantation between August 2014 to September 2016, were prospectively collected after three months. SubAR was observed in 11 patients (13.8{\%}) in protocol biopsy. The urinary levels of LC3, MCP-1, NGAL, and HE4 were significantly higher in patients with subAR than in those without, while those of L-FABP did not differ between the two groups. Multivariate regression models, receiver-operating characteristics (ROC), and areas under ROC curves (AUC) were used to identify predicted values of subAR. Urinary HE4 levels were able to better identify subAR (AUC = 0.808) than the other four urinary biomarkers. In conclusion, urinary HE4 is increased in kidney transplant recipients of subAR three months after kidney transplantation, suggesting that HE4 has the potential to be used as a novel clinical biomarker for predicting subAR.",
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T1 - Urinary human epididymis secretory protein 4 as a useful biomarker for subclinical acute rejection three months after kidney transplantation

AU - Tajima, Soichiro

AU - Fu, Rao

AU - Shigematsu, Tomohiro

AU - Noguchi, Hiroshi

AU - Kaku, Keizo

AU - Tsuchimoto, Akihiro

AU - Okabe, Yasuhiro

AU - Masuda, Satohiro

PY - 2019/10/1

Y1 - 2019/10/1

N2 - Kidney transplantation is the treatment of choice for patients with advanced chronic kidney disease (CKD) and end stage renal disease (ESRD). However, acute rejection (AR) is a common complication in kidney transplantation and is associated with reduced graft survival. Current diagnosis of AR relies mainly on clinical monitoring including serum creatinine, proteinuria, and confirmation by histopathologic assessment in the biopsy specimen of graft kidney. Although an early protocol biopsy is indispensable for depicting the severity of pathologic lesions in subclinical acute rejection (subAR), it is not acceptable in some cases and cannot be performed because of its invasive nature. Therefore, we examined the detection of noninvasive biomarkers that are closely related to the pathology of subAR in protocol biopsies three months after kidney transplantation. In this study, the urinary level of microtubule-associated protein 1 light chain 3 (LC3), monocyte chemotactic protein-1 (MCP-1), liver-type fatty acid-binding protein (L-FABP), neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL), and human epididymis secretory protein 4 (HE4) were measured three months after kidney transplantation. Urine samples of 80 patients undergoing kidney transplantation between August 2014 to September 2016, were prospectively collected after three months. SubAR was observed in 11 patients (13.8%) in protocol biopsy. The urinary levels of LC3, MCP-1, NGAL, and HE4 were significantly higher in patients with subAR than in those without, while those of L-FABP did not differ between the two groups. Multivariate regression models, receiver-operating characteristics (ROC), and areas under ROC curves (AUC) were used to identify predicted values of subAR. Urinary HE4 levels were able to better identify subAR (AUC = 0.808) than the other four urinary biomarkers. In conclusion, urinary HE4 is increased in kidney transplant recipients of subAR three months after kidney transplantation, suggesting that HE4 has the potential to be used as a novel clinical biomarker for predicting subAR.

AB - Kidney transplantation is the treatment of choice for patients with advanced chronic kidney disease (CKD) and end stage renal disease (ESRD). However, acute rejection (AR) is a common complication in kidney transplantation and is associated with reduced graft survival. Current diagnosis of AR relies mainly on clinical monitoring including serum creatinine, proteinuria, and confirmation by histopathologic assessment in the biopsy specimen of graft kidney. Although an early protocol biopsy is indispensable for depicting the severity of pathologic lesions in subclinical acute rejection (subAR), it is not acceptable in some cases and cannot be performed because of its invasive nature. Therefore, we examined the detection of noninvasive biomarkers that are closely related to the pathology of subAR in protocol biopsies three months after kidney transplantation. In this study, the urinary level of microtubule-associated protein 1 light chain 3 (LC3), monocyte chemotactic protein-1 (MCP-1), liver-type fatty acid-binding protein (L-FABP), neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL), and human epididymis secretory protein 4 (HE4) were measured three months after kidney transplantation. Urine samples of 80 patients undergoing kidney transplantation between August 2014 to September 2016, were prospectively collected after three months. SubAR was observed in 11 patients (13.8%) in protocol biopsy. The urinary levels of LC3, MCP-1, NGAL, and HE4 were significantly higher in patients with subAR than in those without, while those of L-FABP did not differ between the two groups. Multivariate regression models, receiver-operating characteristics (ROC), and areas under ROC curves (AUC) were used to identify predicted values of subAR. Urinary HE4 levels were able to better identify subAR (AUC = 0.808) than the other four urinary biomarkers. In conclusion, urinary HE4 is increased in kidney transplant recipients of subAR three months after kidney transplantation, suggesting that HE4 has the potential to be used as a novel clinical biomarker for predicting subAR.

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