Vδ1+ γδ T cells producing CC chemokines may bridge a gap between neutrophils and macrophages in innate immunity during Escherichia coli infection in mice

Tetsuzo Tagawa, Hitoshi Nishimura, Toshiki Yajima, Hiromitsu Hara, Kenji Kishihara, Goro Matsuzaki, Ichiro Yoshino, Yoshihiko Maehara, Yasunobu Yoshikai

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An influx of neutrophils followed a short time later by an influx of macrophages to the infected site plays a key role in innate immunity against Escherichia coli infection. We found in this study that Vδ1-/- mice exhibited impaired accumulation of peritoneal macrophages but not neutrophils and delayed bacterial clearance after i.p. inoculation with E. coli. Peritoneal γδ T cells from E. coli-infected wild-type mice produced CCL3/MIP-1α and CCL5/RANTES in response to γδ TCR triggering in vitro, whereas such production was not evident in γδ T cells from E. coli-infected Vδ1-/- mice. Neutralization of CCL3/MIP-1α by a specific mAb in vivo significantly inhibited the accumulation of macrophages in the peritoneal cavity after E. coli infection, resulting in exacerbated bacterial growth in the peritoneal cavity. These results suggest that Vδ1+ γδ T cells bridge a gap between neutrophils and macrophages in innate immunity during E. coli infection mediated by production of CC chemokines, enhancing macrophage trafficking to the site of infection.

元の言語英語
ページ(範囲)5156-5164
ページ数9
ジャーナルJournal of Immunology
173
発行部数8
DOI
出版物ステータス出版済み - 10 15 2004

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology

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