Vaporization and nucleation on microheater in microchannel with nozzle

Koji Takahashi, Hirofumi Sakai, Kunihito Nagayama, Akihito Baba, Kenji Makihira, Tanemasa Asano

研究成果: Contribution to conferencePaper査読

2 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

A vaporization microchamber is fabricated by the MEMS technology in order to improve and check the concept of vaporizing liquid microthruster for nanosatellite. This chamber is a part of microchannel with 2-10 micrometers height made by silicon and glass substrates. Nozzle is fabricated in silicon just above a thin film ITO heater deposited on glass. Liquid propellant is repetitively pulse-heated by the heater and the flow pattern is recorded thorough glass and ITO by high-speed video camera. Four types of flow patterns are found depending on the employed voltage, pulse width and frequency. For example, large heat flux per pulse of high frequency does not allow the liquid to fill the chamber. Even with lower heat flux, no droplet emission from the nozzle is observed because the nozzle itself is heated enough in this geometry. The nanoscale cavity or roughness on heating surface is found to play an important role for the nucleation in microchannel. The preferable thermal design for microthruster is also discussed.

本文言語英語
DOI
出版ステータス出版済み - 2001
イベント35th AIAA Thermophysics Conference 2001 - Anaheim, CA, 米国
継続期間: 6 11 20016 14 2001

その他

その他35th AIAA Thermophysics Conference 2001
国/地域米国
CityAnaheim, CA
Period6/11/016/14/01

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • 航空宇宙工学
  • 機械工学
  • 凝縮系物理学

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