Elastic scattering of polarized deuterons at Ed = 56 MeV is investigated for 16O, 40Ca, 58Ni, 118Sn and 208Pb target nuclei by the use of folding interactions. Effects of virtual breakup of the deuteron to S- and D-states in the continuum region are taken into account by the CDCC method and are found to make indispensable contributions to cross sections and analyzing powers, where continuum-continuum couplings are substantial. The contribution of the D-state admixture in the ground state is important for the tensor analyzing powers. The calculated results agree well with experimental data. The invariant-amplitude method and the second-order sum rule study clarify the characteristic feature of the spin dependence of the effective interactions due to the virtual breakup. The near-side/far-side decomposition of scattering amplitudes illuminates the difference of the reaction mechanism between light and heavy target nuclei. The investigation for the 208Pb target at Ed = 21.5 MeV gives important information on the energy dependence of the effective interactions. The use of different parameter sets for the input nucleon-target optical potentials shows that the detailed results depend significantly on the choice of the parameter sets.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes