Reduced prostacyclin (PGI2) production by the vascular wall may play an important role in the pathogenesis of vascular lesions such as atherosclerosis. The present study was undertaken to evaluate the effect of vitamin E on the production of PGI2 and other prostaglandins (prostaglandin E2 [PGE2], thromboxane A2 [TXA2], and 15-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid [15-HETE]) by bovine aortic endothelial cells cultured in a high concentration of glucose (300 mg/dL). Compared with endothelial cells cultured in 100 mg/dL glucose, the production of PGI2 and other prostaglandins, except 15-HETE, was significantly reduced in cultures containing 300 mg/dL glucose when stimulated by histamine, the Ca2+ ionophore, A23187, or human plasma-derived serum (PDS). The addition of vitamin E to each stimulant significantly restored the production of PGI2, PGE2, and TXA2, products of the cyclo-oxygenase pathway, in aortic endothelial cells cultured in 300 mg/dL glucose. This effect of vitamin E on the stimulation of prostaglandin production was generally specific for d-α-tocopherol, but not for the other vitamin E analogs tested. However, vitamin E and the stimulants had no effect on the production of 15-HETE, a product of the lipoxygenase pathway. Moreover, vitamin E alone, without stimulants, did not affect prostaglandin production in cultured bovine aortic endothelial cells. These results suggest that vitamin E may restore reduced PGI2, PGE2, or TXA2 production by bovine aortic endothelial cells cultured in a high concentration of glucose. It seems likely that vitamin E may restore depressed PGI2 production by the vascular wall in hyperglycemic conditions such as those seen in patients with diabetes mellitus.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism