Waste polyvinylchloride derived pitch as a precursor to develop carbon fibers and activated carbon fibers

W. M. Qiao, S. H. Yoon, I. Mochida, J. H. Yang

研究成果: Contribution to journalArticle査読

12 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

Polyvinylchloride (PVC) was successfully recycled through the solvent extraction from waste pipe with an extraction yield of ca. 86%. The extracted PVC was pyrolyzed by a two-stage process (260 and 410 °C) to obtain free-chlorine PVC based pitch through an effective removal of chlorine from PVC during the heat-treatment. As-prepared pitch (softening point: 220 °C) was spun, stabilized, carbonized into carbon fibers (CFs), and further activated into activated carbon fibers (ACFs) in a flow of CO2. As-prepared CFs show comparable mechanical properties to commercial CFs, whose maximum tensile strength and modulus are 862 MPa and 62 GPa, respectively. The resultant ACFs exhibit a high surface area of 1200 m2/g, narrow pore size distribution and a low oxygen content of 3%. The study provides an effective insight to recycle PVC from waste PVC and develop a carbon precursor for high performance carbon materials such as CFs and ACFs.

本文言語英語
ページ(範囲)1884-1890
ページ数7
ジャーナルWaste Management
27
12
DOI
出版ステータス出版済み - 2007

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Waste Management and Disposal

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