What Explains Gender Gaps in Household Food Security? Evidence from Maize Farm Households in Southern Ethiopia

Girma Gezimu Gebre, Hiroshi Isoda, Yuichiro Amekawa, Dil Bahadur Rahut, Hisako Nomura, Takaaki Watanabe

研究成果: Contribution to journalArticle査読

3 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

Using primary data collected from 560 farm households in Dawuro zone, southern Ethiopia, this study analyzes the gender gaps in food security among male, female, and joint decision-making farm households. It examines the factors inducing gender gaps among the households of those three categories. The results show that female decision-making households have a lower probability of ensuring food-security and a higher probability of being transitionally and chronically food-insecure. Joint decision-making households showed a higher probability of falling into the chronically food-insecure category. The decomposition results show significant gender gaps between male and female decision-making households in terms of food-secure, transitory food-insecure, and chronically food-insecure categories. Overall, both the endowment and return effects account for the gaps; however, the magnitude of the effect from the return is higher than from the endowment on significant gaps in the food-secure, transitory, and chronically food-insecure categories. Hence, there is a need for policies that not only ensure equal levels of productive resources but also help households build their capacity in order to improve both transitory and chronically food insecure situations.

本文言語英語
ページ(範囲)281-314
ページ数34
ジャーナルSocial Indicators Research
155
1
DOI
出版ステータス受理済み/印刷中 - 2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • 発達心理学および教育心理学
  • 人文科学(その他)
  • 社会学および政治科学
  • 社会科学(全般)

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